Age Expectation Results
These results help to illustrate where each child falls relative to other children their age. The general progress results are divided into five (5) sections: Approaching, Meets-Low, Meets, Meets-High, and Exceeds Age Expectations. Using this information, children are grouped within one of the three color-coded categories. We identify each group in order for teachers to work with smaller numbers of children with similar EF needs.
The red Approaching/Meets-Low category represents those who require immediate intervention to strengthen EF skills.
The yellow Meets-Mid category represents those who will benefit from EF activities and will show growth given consistent practice opportunities.
The green Meets-High/Exceeds category represents those who are at or above the necessary EF level for their age group. However, practice activities will continue to benefit EF growth.
The National Percentile score can range from 0-100 and is adjusted for age using our national norms sample.
This score shows a student’s rank compared to other students of that same age and sex. Here, a student with exactly average EF skills for their age would score at the 50th percentile. This means that the student scored better than 50% of same-aged peers in the norming sample, but also worse than 50%. However, if a student scored at the 99th percentile, this means they scored better than 99% of same-aged peers – well above expectations for their age!
This score tells you how a student performed on the EF assessment compared to other students of their same age and sex, drawing on our U.S. Norms sample of over 51,000 youth ages 2-18 (and a separate sample of adults). It reflects how quickly and accurately the cards were sorted and also helps you understand how typical an individual’s EF is for their age and sex.
The Standard Score is on a similar scale as an IQ score, where a student with “average” EF skills for their age would receive a 100. Most students will fall within the range of 85 to 115, but scores could range from as low as 60 to as high as 140.
The assessment score can range from 0-100, with a higher score meaning more developed EF. We would generally expect older children to have higher scores. This score is derived from a combination of both the number of cards a student has sorted correctly (accuracy) and how fast they were able to do it (response time). Importantly, sorting cards quickly, but incorrectly, won’t gain you any points – that’s where EF comes into play.
This score does NOT provide information about what the score means compared to other students of the same age. Whether or not a Total Score of 40 should be considered a high score depends on the student’s age.
Looking at an example, a total score of 40 would be very high for a 2-year-old, but very low for a 15-year-old, without comparing it to peer results, this may be misleading.