Successful problem solving depends on reflection

Successful problem solving depends on reflection: considering the information you know and how it relates to the problem at hand.

Performance on the Dimensional Change Card Sort (DCCS) Task, a precursor to the Minnesota Executive Function Scale, improves after children are prompted to *stop* and *reflect* briefly before responding. This change was further revealed when the same children who were trained to use reflection on this task also showed a reduction in conflict when brain activity was measured.

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