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Improving Executive Function in Early Childhood: When Less is More

Executive Function skills change significantly between the ages of 3 and 5.

In this example video, Dr. Stephanie Carlson, Co-Founder and Chief Science Officer of Reflection Sciences, explains how 4-year-olds outperform 3-year-olds during a “Less is More” game… until the 3-year-olds ability to pretend is used. 

Watch the video to see how!

Key takeaways:

  • Executive Function skills change rapidly between the ages of 3 and 5.
  • Pretend play – something children love to do – can be utilized to improve children’s capacity to inhibit urges and self-regulate (i.e. can improve their Executive Function skills).
  • Skills acquired during pretend play sessions can transfer to the same tasks when pretending is no longer used.
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