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How the Reggio Emilia Approach Develops Your Child’s Executive Skills: What Parents Need to Know

The Reggio Emilia approach is a student-centered, innovative method of early childhood education that emphasizes self-directed, experiential learning in a relationship-driven environment. In this week’s article, we look at how the Reggio Emilia approach to early childhood learning enhances your child’s executive function skills, fostering independence and critical thinking for early childhood success. 

Introduction to Executive Function Skills

Before getting into the educational approach of Reggio Emilia, it’s important to understand what we mean by “executive function skills.” These skills are crucial cognitive processes that include memory, flexible thinking, and self-control. They help children manage their emotions, make decisions, and set and achieve goals. Essentially, these are the skills that enable children to plan, focus attention, remember instructions, and juggle multiple tasks successfully.

The Reggio Emilia Approach

The Reggio Emilia approach to education is a progressive and innovative method that emphasizes experiential learning, with a focus on self-expression, community, environment, and collaboration between students, teachers, and parents. Originating in the post-World War II era, it was developed by educator Loris Malaguzzi and parents in the town of Reggio Emilia, Italy, as a response to the desire for a new form of education that would foster a sense of community and social responsibility in children. This approach utilizes a project-based curriculum with a belief in the “hundred languages of children,” which promotes learning through multiple forms of communication, including art, music, dance, and verbal expression.

Reggio Emilia and Executive Function Skills

The Reggio Emilia approach to early childhood education is more than just an educational method; it’s a way of understanding and enhancing a child’s growth and intellectual development. Here’s how this innovative approach helps in nurturing your child’s executive function skills:

  1. Child-Centered Learning: This method revolves around the interests and responses of the children. It empowers them to guide their own learning experiences, fostering independence and decision-making capabilities, which are essential parts of executive functions.

  2. Collaborative Projects: Children engage in long-term projects that require planning, collaboration, and execution. Such projects enhance organizational skills and the ability to manage time and resources effectively—key aspects of executive functioning.

  3. Multiple Forms of Expression: Known for encouraging expression through various symbolic languages like art, drama, and writing, Reggio Emilia helps children improve their cognitive flexibility and ability to express themselves in diverse ways.

  4. Reflective Communication: A unique aspect of Reggio Emilia is its emphasis on reflective thinking. Children are encouraged to think about their learning and discuss their thoughts. This practice not only enhances their analytical skills but also promotes self-awareness and the ability to regulate one’s own thinking and emotions.

  5. Environment as Teacher: The setup of a Reggio Emilia classroom is intentionally designed to provoke curiosity and stimulate learning. The environment is viewed as a teacher itself, set up in a way that encourages children to engage and learn through interaction, fostering both cognitive and social development.

  6. Facilitative Role of Educators: Teachers in this approach act more as guides than traditional instructors. They support the children’s efforts, provide necessary resources, and intervene appropriately to enhance learning outcomes, particularly in developing problem-solving skills and self-discipline.

Our task, regarding creativity, is to help children climb their own mountains, as high as possible. No one can do more.

Key Takeaways for Families and Caregivers

For parents considering the Reggio Emilia approach for their child’s education, here are some key takeaways:

  • Foster Independence: Encourage your child’s autonomy in learning and decision-making at home.
  • Engage in Reflective Discussions: Talk to your child about their day, what they learned, and how they felt about different activities. This will help them develop critical thinking and self-regulation skills.
  • Collaborative Learning: Participate in or facilitate group learning activities with your child and their friends to enhance their collaborative skills.
  • Creative Expression: Provide your child with various materials and opportunities for creative expression, supporting their cognitive flexibility and problem-solving skills.


The Reggio Emilia approach offers a rich framework for nurturing young minds in a way that equips them with key life skills. By focusing on holistic development and active participation, it helps children build a solid foundation of executive function skills that will serve them throughout their educational journey and beyond. For parents looking to give their children a head start in life, embracing the principles of Reggio Emilia could be a rewarding decision.