Our Story


The original Reflection Sciences logo painting by Co-founder Dr. Phil Zelazo, 2014.

Reflection Sciences is the culmination of twenty years of groundbreaking research, constant curiosity, and unwavering passion for Executive Function skills, development, and advocacy. Phil Zelazo, Ph.D. and Stephanie Carlson, Ph.D., researchers at the University of Minnesota and Co-founders of Reflection Sciences, spent years studying Executive Function and determining how it could be improved, and how that, in turn, could improve early childhood education. They soon realized a key component was missing: an effective way to scientifically and objectively measure Executive Function in young children. With a growing appreciation of the need for services around EF, and with support from the National Institutes of Health, the Co-founders created the best measure of Executive Function available today – the Minnesota Executive Function Scale – a direct behavioral assessment of the neurocognitive skills that are most vital to academic and life success.

After seeing the effectiveness of the MEFS App in their own research, Dr. Carlson and Dr. Zelazo created Reflection Sciences in 2014 to bring the MEFS App to the broader educational community. It is now being used across the nation and internationally to accurately measure Executive Function in preschools, K-12 schools, after-school programs, Head Start programs, and pediatric clinics.

Our Mission

Our ultimate goal is to reduce gaps in achievement and opportunity by advancing the science and practice of Executive Function to accelerate learning. We already know enough to start making a positive impact, and we want you to be able to benefit directly from that information, contribute your own data, and play an active role in the process.

Our Services

At Reflection Sciences, we strive to provide a range of services aimed at supporting healthy executive function development in childhood and beyond. For more information on our patent-pending assessment app, professional development, data analysis, and intervention services,
click here to download!