Metacognition and Executive Function: A Dynamic Relationship of Cognitive Functioning

Executive function and metacognition both help with behavior regulation, problem solving, and more — skills that are crucial to success in school and in life. These two sets of cognitive processes have more in common than not, but they’ve traditionally been studied separately rather than in conjunction by research communities. Metacognitive thinking has been studied […]

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MEFS App version 1.1.23

New Features in the MEFS App Update! Reflection Sciences is proud to announce that we have just released the Minnesota Executive Function Scale (MEFSTM) version 1.1.23 on iTunes! This update includes the latest language addition: Somali, bringing the total to seven available languages (others include English, Spanish, Dutch, German [Swiss], Swedish, and Mandarin Chinese). To […]

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Upcoming Professional Development Session with Dr. Stephanie M. Carlson

EF Skills: A Foundation for Learning and Adaptation Attend this workshop to learn about Executive Function skills for children, what they are, why they’re important, how they develop, and how to use a measurement tool to identify and support strengths and areas for improvement. Thursday, June 15, 2017 at Metro ECSU (Anderson Center, Bethel University, […]

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Montessori Outcomes for Success

Each week, the Montessori Foundation’s Montessori Leadership Institute hosts live sessions focusing on Montessori outcomes for success and the importance of Montessori education. Sessions are led by Montessori Foundation experts or guest speakers. This Wednesday’s session [1:00 PM Eastern Time in the USA (GMT -4)] will be hosted by Dr. Katie Brown, DC Regional Coordinator […]

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Case Study – MEFS Predicts K Outcomes

The Minnesota Executive Function Scale (MEFS) is a brief, tablet-based comprehensive measure of executive function skills that is nationally normed down to 2 years of age. Reflection Sciences introduced the MEFS assessment to a consortium of independent schools to be used during the admissions process. Here’s what they found: Applicants who enrolled scored 10 points higher […]

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What Is Social Development in Early Childhood?

Social development in early childhood is an important part of a person’s overall health, wellbeing, and happiness throughout his or her life. Social development is very closely linked to cognitive and emotional development, and together these developmental markers and milestones build the foundation for developing relationships with other people, coping with stressful situations, and many […]

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What is the Importance of Pretend Play in Child Development?

How can pretend play act as an ally of healthy executive function development in young children? According to pretend play in child development expert, Distinguished McKnight University Professor at the University of Minnesota, and Reflection Sciences Co-founder, Dr. Stephanie M. Carlson, “Play is about as ‘blueprinted’ a behavior as you can have in terms of […]

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Can we use self-control for kids as a predictor of later outcomes?

Many people are familiar with the late 60s, early 70s study called the “Marshmallow Test” by American psychologist Dr. Walter Mischel. Mischel and his research team put a marshmallow in front of a child and told them that they had two options: they could eat the marshmallow now, or they could wait for a said amount […]

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What Are the Stages of Early Consciousness for Children?

The development of consciousness in childhood in relation to Executive Function (EF) skills is one that psychologists are just beginning to understand. Dr. Phil Zelazo is Reflection Sciences’ co-founder and the Nancy M. and John E. Lindahl Professor at the Institute of Child Development at the University of Minnesota. In this online lecture featured by […]

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